16 edition of The art of rhetoric found in the catalog.
The art of rhetoric
|Statement||Aristotle ; with an English translation by John Henry Freese.|
|Series||Loeb classical library -- 193., Aristotle in twenty-three volumes -- 22.|
|Contributions||Freese, John Henry.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||li, 491 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||491|
Secondly, persuasion may come through the hearers, when the speech stirs their emotions. Suppose it were said, 'The fact that Socrates was wise and just is a sign that the wise are just'. Types of oratory, I say: for what has been said in the Methodics applies equally well here; in some oratorical styles examples prevail, in others enthymemes; and in like manner, some orators are better at the former and some at the latter. Good will and friendliness of disposition will form part of our discussion of the emotions, to which we must now turn. Thus, the formulation of enthymemes is a matter of dialectic, and the dialectician has the competence that is needed for the construction of enthymemes. So with those good things our possession of which can give enjoyment to our neighbours-wealth and beauty rather than health.
Rhetoric has three distinct ends in view, one for each of its three kinds. This, again, is the cause of their loquacity; they are continually talking of the past, because they enjoy remembering it. Thus a sick man is angered by disregard of his illness, a poor man by disregard of his poverty, a man aging war by disregard of the war he is waging, a lover by disregard of his love, and so throughout, any other sort of slight being enough if special slights are wanting. We now see to whom, why, and under what conditions kindness is shown; and these facts must form the basis of our arguments. Further, since it is when the sufferings of others are close to us that they excite our pity we cannot remember what disasters happened a hundred centuries ago, nor look forward to what will happen a hundred centuries hereafter, and therefore feel little pity, if any, for such things : it follows that those who heighten the effect of their words with suitable gestures, tones, dress, and dramatic action generally, are especially successful in exciting pity: they thus put the disasters before our eyes, and make them seem close to us, just coming or just past.
Consequently, rhetoric remains associated with its political origins. Again, if they are eager for, and have good hopes of, a thing that will be pleasant if it happens, they think that it certainly will happen and be good for them: whereas if they are indifferent or annoyed, they do not think so. He introduces paradigms and syllogisms as means of persuasion. It is evident, therefore, that the propositions forming the basis of enthymemes, though some of them may be 'necessary', will most of them be only usually true. First, he describes the young as creatures of desire, easily changeable and swiftly satisfied.
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Having distinguished these we may deal with them one by one, and try to discover the elements of which each is composed, and the propositions each must employ. Again, that is better than other things which is accompanied both with less pain and with actual pleasure; for here there is more than one advantage; and so here we have the good of feeling pleasure and also the good of not feeling pain.
This eBook is not available in your country. And with those who listen to stories about us or keep on looking at our weaknesses; this seems like either slighting us or hating us; for those who love us share in all our distresses and it must distress any one to keep on looking at his own weaknesses.
Again, 4 it is absurd to hold that a man ought to be ashamed of being unable to defend himself with his limbs, but not of being unable to defend himself with speech and reason, when the use of rational speech is more distinctive of a human being than the use of his limbs.
Or, secondly, we feel it if we are really good and honest people; our judgement is then sound, and we loathe any kind of injustice.
What a man wants to be is better than what a man wants to seem, for in aiming at that he is aiming more at reality. Chapter Six This is a continuation of Chapter Five, explaining in greater detail the stoikhea elements of the "good" described in the previous chapter. This is plain from the definition.
They are easily cheated, owing to the sanguine disposition just mentioned. False statements and bad advice are due to one or more of the following three causes. Also fear felt by those who have the power to do something to us, since such persons are sure to be ready to do it.
That is why youths and rich men are insolent; they think themselves superior when they show insolence. Similes are only occasionally useful in speech due to their poetic nature and similarity to metaphor. Chapter 17 Looks at the pistis or the proof in an oration, and how it varies in each type of speech.
And we feel more shame when we are likely to be continually seen by, and go about under the eyes of, those who know of our disgrace. The following is a more detailed list of things that must be good.
Chapter 8 Rhythm should be incorporated into prose to make it well "rhythmed" but not to the extent of a poem Bk. Part 11 We will next consider Emulation, showing in what follows its causes and objects, and the state of mind in which it is felt.
For this conception of 'productive of a greater' has been implied in our argument. Of course, Aristotle's rhetoric covers non-argumentative tools of persuasion as well. And with those who listen to stories about us or keep on looking at our weaknesses; this seems like either slighting us or hating us; for those who love us share in all our distresses and it must distress any one to keep on looking at his own weaknesses.
Does rhetoric fall short of dialectic? Happiness, as being desirable in itself and sufficient by itself, and as being that for whose sake we choose many other things. We think bad things, as well as good ones, have serious importance; and we think the same of anything that tends to produce such things, while those which have little or no such tendency we consider unimportant.
Anything that has just happened, or is going to happen soon, is particularly piteous: so too therefore are the tokens and the actions of sufferers-the garments and the like of those who have already suffered; the words and the like of those actually suffering-of those, for instance, who are on the point of death.
Also towards those who intended to do the opposite of what they did do. The grounds, then, on which we feel pity are these or like these.
And with those who treat us less well than they treat everybody else; it is another mark of contempt that they should think we do not deserve what every one else deserves.
Neither rhetoric nor dialectic is the scientific study of any one separate subject: both are faculties for providing arguments. Again, we feel angry with those who slight us in connexion with what we are as honourable men bound to champion-our parents, children, wives, or subjects.
But there are several types of sign-arguments too; Aristotle offers the following examples:.Loeb: Aristotle, Vol. XXII: The Art of Rhetoric by Aristotle]; John Henry Freese, Trans.
by and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at hildebrandsguld.com Mar 03, · In response, the technique of rhetoric rapidly developed, bringing virtuoso performances and a host of practical manuals for the layman.
While many of these were little more than collections of debaters' tricks, the Art of Rhetoric held a far deeper purpose/5(4K). For all men are persuaded by considerations of where their interest lies Aristotle's Art of Rhetoric is the earliest systematic treatment of the subject, and it remains among the most incisive works on rhetoric that we possess.
In it, we are asked: What is a good speech? What do popular audiences find persuasive? How does one compose a persuasive speech? Aristotle considers these questions. Jul 23, · Aristotle (BCE) was one of the great ancient Greek philosophers along with Socrates and Plato.
A polymath of extraordinary genius, Aristotle was able to lay forth a. Jan 22, · Rhetoric (FULL Audio Book) by Aristotle ( BCE - BCE) Translated by Thomas Taylor () The Rhetoric was developed by Aristotle during two periods when he was in. Book I 1 Rhetoric is the counterpart of Dialectic.
Both alike are con-cerned with such things as come, more or less, within the general ken of all men and belong to no deﬁnite science.